IT Consulting Career: The 3 faces of IT Consulting – Technical, Functional, and Techno-Functional

In the ever-evolving IT industry, consultants play a pivotal role in bridging gaps, providing solutions, and driving innovation. Three key roles stand out in the consulting domain – Technical Consultant, Functional Consultant, and Techno-Functional Consultant. These roles differ in their responsibilities, required educational qualifications, essential skills, and their overall contribution to IT projects. Let’s explore these roles in detail.

Technical Consultant

A Technical Consultant is the wizard behind the curtain, making the technological magic happen. Their work includes configuring systems, developing software, troubleshooting technical issues, and integrating various IT solutions.

Technical Consultant

Educational Qualifications: Typically, a degree in computer science, information systems, or a related field is required. Certifications in specific technologies, programming languages, or IT methodologies can boost credibility.

Essential Skills: Along with a strong foundation in programming languages and system architecture, Technical Consultants need to possess excellent problem-solving skills, attention to detail, and the ability to work under tight deadlines.

Functional Consultant

The Functional Consultant is the vital link between the client’s business needs and the technical team. They are responsible for understanding the client’s business processes, identifying areas for improvement, and translating these needs into technical specifications.

Functional Consultant

Educational Qualifications: A degree in business, computer science, or a related field is generally preferred. Experience or knowledge in a particular industry can also be beneficial, as this role often requires an understanding of specific business processes.

Essential Skills: Functional Consultants must have solid analytical skills, excellent communication abilities, and a comprehensive understanding of business operations and processes. They should also be adept at project management and stakeholder engagement.

Techno-Functional Consultant

A Techno-Functional Consultant is a hybrid professional who blends the roles of Technical and Functional Consultants. They are equipped to analyze business requirements, appreciate their technical implications, and vice versa.

Educational Qualifications: A Techno-Functional Consultant can come from either a technical or business education background, but the key is gaining experience or knowledge in the other area. Degrees in computer science or business can be a starting point, supplemented by experience or certifications in the alternate discipline.

Essential Skills: Apart from the skills required for Technical and Functional Consultants, Techno-Functional Consultants should be versatile, adaptable, and possess a high level of competence in both business analysis and technical implementation. They need to have a holistic understanding of how technology can be leveraged to meet business objectives.


Recognizing the distinctions between Technical, Functional, and Techno-Functional Consultants allows you to select a career path that aligns with your educational background, skills, and interests. Regardless of the role you opt for, remember that successful IT consulting involves more than just expertise – it’s about using that knowledge to add value for your clients.

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